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The Basílica i Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família (English: Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family), is Antoni Gaudí’s best-known work and has become an undisputed symbol of Barcelona. Extravagant, ambitious and controversial, this unique modern large Roman Catholic temple has been under construction since 1882, and is expected to be completed by 2026.

In November 2010 Pope Benedict XVI consecrated and proclaimed it a minor basilica, as distinct from a cathedral which must be the seat of a bishop. This video contains images of such event and the author has borrowed some images of the ceremony broadcasted by TV3, the National Catalan Broadcaster to portray the beauty of that day.

The song sung during the big mass (in the video) is “The Virolai” and it’s performed in Catalan language. Medieval Christians identified the five petals of the rose with the five wounds of Christ. Roses also later came to be associated with the Virgin Mary. The red rose was eventually adopted as a symbol of the blood of the Christian martyrs. Abouquet of red roses, often used to show love, is used as a Valentine’s Day gift in many countries. On St George’s Day in Catalonia people offer dark red roses as gifts, especially between lovers. The Virolai, a hymn to the Virgin of Montserrat, one of the black Madonnas of Europe, begins with the words: “Rosa d’abril, Morena de la serra…”(April rose, dusky lady of the mountain chain…). Therefore this virgin is sometimes known as “Rosa d’abril”. The red rose is thus widely accepted as an unofficial symbol of Catalonia.

More information:
Sagrada Família fact file
Details of the temple
How will it look like when finished?


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